|Term||Explanation||Synonym / Example|
Cordyceps Sinensis locally called Yartsa Guenbub in Bhutan is a fungus growing out of the caterpillar of ghost moths (Thitarodes spp.) The mature fruit body of cordyceps consists of a cylindrical brown structure growing out of the caterpillar that lives in the ground among plant roots in mountain pastures. The fruit contains many chambers in which spores are formed which drift in the wind. These spores land on the ghost caterpillar and penetrate the cuticle (skin) to infect it. Eventually the caterpillar dies, and its inner tissues are converted into fungal material. Towards the end of winter, the cordyceps grows through the head of the caterpillar, extending in length with the upper part emerging in the spring to release new spores. During the harvest, the fruit body and the caterpillar are carefully removed from the soil, easing surrounding roots aside with fingers, knife or a small trowel.
Bhutan exports Cordyceps to Hong Kong and other South-east Asian countries. The cost of 1kg of Cordyceps, comprising 7000-8000 pieces ranges from Rs.100,000 to Rs.300,000/-. Also known as medicinal mushroom, Cordyceps finds a wide application in traditional Chinese medicine.
|Coop||The house or cage in which a chicken lives.||
|Contract Farming and Agreement||
Contract Farming can be defined as an agreement between farmers and processing or marketing firms for the production and supply of agricultural products under forward agreements, frequently at predetermined prices. Contract Farming is essentially an agreement between unequal parties, companies, Government bodies or individual entrepreneurs on the one hand and economically weaker farmers on the other.
The main feature of Contract Farming is that the buyer/contractor supplies all the material inputs and technical advice required for cultivation to the cultivator. This approach is widely used, not only for tree and cash crops but also, increasingly for fruits and vegetables, poultry, pigs, dairy products and even prawn and fish. Indeed, Contract Farming is characterized by its "enormous diversity" not only with regard to the products contracted, but also in relation to the many different ways in which it can be carried out.
(Reference: Globalization and Contract Farming in India-Advantages and Problems,
Shoja Rani B N, Government College, Kottayam - Paper presented at the Conference on Global Competition & Competitiveness of Indian Corporates, IIM K and IIM L)
|Contagious||A disease that is easily transmitted from one individual or flock to another.|
|Concentrate||A feed that is high in energy, low in fiber content, and highly digestible.||
For example maize, soya-bean
|Common property resource||Resource used in common by a group or collective.|
|Comb||The fleshy, red outgrowth on top of a fowl's head; there are eight types of combs and these are used to characterize poultry breeds.|
|Cockerel||A male chicken under one year of age.|
|Cock||A male chicken over one year of age||
|Buckling||A young male goat.|