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Foot-and-mouth Disease (FMD)

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious viral disease affecting both large and small ruminants, and is transmitted by the picorna virus, the prototypic member of the genus aphthovirus. The virus can survive in contaminated fodder and in the environment for up to a month, depending on temperature and pH conditions. FMD is not a zoonotic disease and cannot be transmitted to humans.