ANTHRA is a resource group that was started by a team of women veterinary scientists to address the myriad constraints that faced rural livestock rearers. It is registered as a trust with an all-women governing board. The initial aim of the organisation was to search for alternative systems for delivering livestock health and management practices to poor people, especially women in rural areas. Today, Anthra is a resource centre offering training, research and advocacy initiatives in the areas of livestock, biodiversity and people's livelihood.
Anthra aims to work for sustainable livestock production within the larger framework of building people's food sovereignty and livelihood security. The focus is on farming and production systems, crops and fodder varieties, livestock and plant genetic resources, medicinal plants and health care traditions, and land and water use. Anthra works mainly with marginalised communities – dalits, adivasis, pastoralists, landless groups, small and marginal farmers, and, especially women from these communities. Presently, Anthra works with such communities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Karnataka. Anthra has two operating offices, in Hyderabad and Pune.