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Effective Microorganisms (EM)

These were discovered by Dr Teruo Higa at the University of Ryukus, Japan, as a specific group of naturally occurring beneficial microorganisms. EM primarily consists of five families of micro-organisms - lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinobacteria (actinomycetes), photosynthetic bacteria and fungi, which together have the ability to revive, restore and preserve.

EM is used in a range of applications in agriculture, livestock, the health industry, and in environmental clean-up interventions. EM together with locally available feed resources such as wheat, rice and maize husk, mustard cake and jaggery etc is also used to make multi-nutrient feed supplements for livestock. (Source - Wikipedia)