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by jyoti — last modified Oct 29, 2013 11:56 AM
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Halal (Arabic) is a term designating any object or an action which is permissible to use or engage in, according to Islamic law. The term is used to designate food seen as permissible according to Islamic law. This method of slaughtering animals consists of using a well sharpened knife to make a swift, deep incision that cuts the front throat, the carotid artery, wind pipe and jugular veins but leaves the spinal cord intact. (Source - Wikipedia)


The offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock, especially the offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties, species, or races.


A young sheep of either sex from about 9 to 18 months of age (until it cuts two teeth).


Heterosis is a term used in genetics and selective breeding. Heterosis or hybrid vigor is the increased function of any biological quality in a hybrid offspring. It is the occurrence of a genetically superior offspring from mixing the genes of its parents.


A female chicken over one year or age.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP)

This is a systematic preventive approach to food safety. It is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product.


The percentage of eggs that convert to chicks.


The process by which a chick emerges from an egg. Also used to describe a group of chicks that emerge from their shells at roughly the same time.

Hair Belting

Hair belting is an export quality, wool-blended product used as the medium for transmission of power, that is, it transmits power to move or drive machines. Hair belting is made of wool and nylon (tyre cord) in the warp and selected cotton yarn in the weft. After being woven on a loom, it is then treated with bitumen-based compounds.

Haemorrhagic Septicemia (HS)

This is a highly fatal bacterial disease seen mainly in cattle and water buffalo. In susceptible animals, the clinical signs often progress rapidly from dullness and fever to death within hours.

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